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Sejarah Internet

Saturday, April 23, 2011

The Internet has made a new revolution in the world of computer and communications world that have never previously suspected. Some findings telegraph, telephone, radio, and computers is a series of scientific work that led to the creation of the Internet a more integrated and more capable than those tools. Internet has the capability of broadcasting to the world, has a mechanism for information dissemination, and as a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals with the computer without being limited by geography.
The Internet is a most successful example of business investment that can never stop and commitment to research following the development of information technology infrastructure. Starting with a study packet switching (packet switching), government, industry and the civitas academica have collaborated effort to change and create this exciting new technology.
Development History of intenet can be divided into four aspects:
1. The existence of aspects of technological evolution that started from the research packet switching (packet switching), ARPANET (the following equipment technology) which was then carried out further research to develop insights into the data communications infrastructure that includes multiple dimensions such as scale, performannce / reliability, and high-level kefungsian.
2. The existence of aspects of the implementation and management of a global infrastructure and complex.
3. The existence of the social aspects that result in a large community consisting of the Internauts who cooperate to create and develop this technology continues.
4. The existence of commercial aspects resulting in an extreme but effective changes from a study that resulted in the formation of a large infrastructure and useful information. Internet now is a global information infrastructure (widespread information infrastructure), which was originally called "the National (or Global or Galactic) Information Infrastructure" in the United States. Its history is very complex and covers many aspects such as technological, organizational, and community. And its effect not only on the field of computer communication techniques, but also affected the social problems as of now we do is we use many tools on line to achieve
an electronic business (electronic commerce), ownership information and interact with the community.
Tags: ARPANET, electronic business, electronic commerce, Internet development, a new revolution
Internet History
History of the Internet and Internet Development
History of the intenet began in 1969 when the Department of Defense, U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) decided to conduct research on how to connect a number of computers so as to form an organic network.
This research program known as the ARPANET. In 1970, already more than 10 computers are successfully connected to each other so that they can communicate with each other and form a network.

In 1972, Roy Tomlinson managed to complete the e-mail program that he created a year ago for the ARPANET. E-mail program is so simple it immediately became popular. In the same year, the icon @ also introduced as an important symbol that shows the "at" or "on". In 1973, ARPANET computer network were developed outside the United States.
Computer University College in London is the first computer that is outside the United States who are members of ARPAnet network. In the same year, two computer experts that Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn presented a bigger idea, which became the forerunners of the Internet thinking. This idea was presented for the first time at the University of Sussex.
The next historic day is March 26, 1976, when the Queen of England managed to send an e-mail from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment at Malvern. A year later, already more than 100 computers on ARPANET joined to form a network or network. In 1979, Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis and Steve Bellovin, creating the first-named newsgroups USENET. In 1981 France Telecom creates a buzz by launching the first television telephone, where people can call each other while associated with the video link.
Because the computers that form a network of daily increasing, it needed a formal protocol that is recognized by all networks. In 1982 established Transmission Control Protocol or TCP and Internet Protocol or IP as we know it all. Meanwhile in Europe appear counter computer network known as Eunet, which provides computer network services in these countries the Netherlands, Britain, Denmark and Sweden. Eunet network providing e-mail and USENET newsgroups.
To homogenize the address on existing computer networks, then in 1984 the domain name system was introduced, which now we are familiar with DNS or Domain Name System. Computers that are connected with the existing network has more than 1000 computers more. In 1987 the number of computers that are connected to the network soared 10-fold more manjadi 10,000.
In 1988, Jarko Oikarinen of Finland discovered and at once introduced the IRC or Internet Relay Chat. A year later, the number of interconnected computers soared 10-fold return in a year. No fewer than 100,000 computers are now forming a network. Year 1990 is the year's most historic, when Tim Berners Lee to find a program editor and browser that can roam from one computer to another computer, which form a network. The program is called www, or worl Wide Web.
In 1992, computers that are connected to each other form the network has exceeded a million computers, and in the same year the term surfing the internet. In 1994, the website has grown to 3000 pages address, and for the first time in a virtual-shopping or e-retail surfaced on the internet. The world changed. In the same year Yahoo! established, which is also well-born Netscape Navigator 1.0.
Note: adapted from several sources.
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